Please state which were made and which could still be made and whether any is foreseen
Germany is a Federal Republic; in the area of Science and Scientific Research, both the federal level and the state level have competencies (competing legislative competencies). At the same time, the sciences, research and teaching have a constitutionally guaranteed freedom in Germany (Art. 5 of the Constitution). This implies a high degree of self-government and autonomy of the sciences in Germany. Third, the European Union with its Framework Programmes have a considerable impact on German sciences. Fourth, in Germany the private sector contributes considerably to R&D, with effects for publicly funded sciences as well.
All these structural factors have been present for decades. The sciences in Germany have been able to constantly evolve and modernize in line with the key areas of the Recommendations, in constant dialogue with all actors of federal and state governance, as well as with the EU and the private sector.
The ten areas of the Recommendation represent important perspectives by German (federal and state) government and German civil society. In all ten areas, there has been concrete and tangible progress, through legislation, action programmes, new guidelines, new funding programmes, etc.
Overall, the sciences in Germany have made considerable progress since 2017 as regards compliance with the Recommendation.