Recommendation on Science and Scientific Researchers

 

Recommendation on Science and Scientific Researchers


Republic of Korea

10 Key Areas

Measures taken by Member States (2021)
Were translations made?
yes
What improvements could be made?
The Recommendation has been translated into Korean and transmitted to relevant ministries, agencies, research institutes and universities. As the content of the Recommendation is complex, the leaflet made by Canadian Commission for UNESCO and UNESCO Netherlands Commission was also translated and transmitted so as to enhance understanding. To secure understanding and support for the mission of the Recommendation, UNESCO had requested the Member States to create and transmit materials to help stakeholders and the public understand the Recommendation.
Was it transmitted to competent authorities?
yes
What improvements could be made?
N/A
Were consultations held?
no
Please state which were made and which could still be made
Although there has been no forum for discussions that invited multi-stakeholders to improve their understanding of the Recommendation and develop national implementation measures, relevant ministries and organizations collaborated to develop a progress report on the implementation of the Recommendation to enhance understanding.
Were new measures taken for compliance?
yes
Please state which were made and which could still be made and whether any is foreseen
Humane, just and inclusive development through science (Key area #1) Korea developed the Fourth Science and Technology Basic Plan (2018-2022). It is Korea’s highest-level plan for science and technology policies, developed with the vision of improving people’s quality of life and contributing to humanity’s progress. To realize this vision, the Plan is composed of four strategies: building science and technology capacity for future challenges; fostering a science and technology ecosystem that encourages innovation; create new industries and jobs led by science and technology; and realize happier lives for all through science and technology. Develop science and technology policies to address social problems and expand interactions with society (key area #2) To address social problems and provide accurate scientific and technical information, the Korean government has created and is operating public communication channels, such as an online platform for social problem solving and the science and technology forum for people’s lives. The investment in R&D for solving problems in everyday life, such as disasters, is increasing every year, as well as the number of projects involving citizen engagement. Stronger international cooperation and shared prosperity through science diplomacy (key area #3) In April 2020, the Korean government established the International Cooperation Policy Center to promote science and technology cooperation that takes advantages of each country’s strengths and to respond to global challenges facing humanity, such as climate change and infectious diseases. Moreover, Korea is working to share Korea’s development experience and contribute to shared growth, as part of its efforts to foster innovative science and technology activities needed for achieving the 17 SDGs. Open Science (key area #4) The Korean government is operating the Korea Open Access platform for Researcher (KOAR) and a research data platform, DataON. In addition, it is building an Integrated R&D Information System, IRIS, to manage national R&D projects at a glance, aiming to launch the System starting 2022. Measures to nurture female scientists and engineers (key area #5) The Korean government developed the Fourth Master Plan for Female Scientists and Engineers (2019-2023) to build creative capacity of female scientists and engineers and unleash their potential. To this end, the government has implemented policies for developing creative female talent to meet the demands in new industries and for establishing a virtuous cycle of flexible R&D activities composed of entry, growth and re-entry. The following four strategies have been developed to facilitate these policies: 1. Facilitate the entry of female talent into new industries to meet the demands of the future and promote their growth. 2. Improve the STI and global capacity of female scientists and engineers. 3. Expand support for female scientist and engineers so that they can develop and continue their careers in the fields of science and technology. 4. Establish a gender innovation system in science and technology. Research ethics governance to ensure freedoms and responsibilities (key area #7) Through the enactment of the National R&D Innovation Act and the Decree of the National R&D Innovation Act, the Korean government has stipulated the importance of research ethics in the law. The legislation strengthens the responsibilities of researchers and underscores the importance of securing research ethics. Moreover, the extent of research ethics has been extended from a notion of preventing scientific misconduct (manipulations, falsification, inappropriate citation, etc.) to matters that should be complied with in order to conduct responsible research. Under the National R&D Innovation Act, research institutes are now mandated to develop their own rules for research ethics that include the following measures: 1. Efforts and system for ensuring integrity of R&D performance 2. A code of ethics regarding academic exchange, including paper submission and conference attendance 3. Prevention and management of conflict of interests 4. A code of ethics regarding studies involving human subjects and animal testing 5. Commitment to fostering a healthy research environment in labs that protects researchers’ rights and benefits 6. Other measures deemed necessary by the head of the research organization for ensuring research ethics Nurturing talent in science and technology (key area #9) In February 2021, the Korean government developed the Fourth Master Plan for Supporting Science and Technology Talent Growth (2021-2025). The Plan is the highest-level plan for Korea’s science and technology talent policies and lays out the vision, goals and tasks of talent cultivation to raise the national competitiveness in science and technology. The Plan’s vision is “Becoming a leading nation for science and technology talent in a time of great transformation.” To achieve this vision, four strategies have been developed: 1) Nurture future talent with a strong base, 2) Create an environment that facilitates the growth of young researchers into key talent, 3) Expand the ground for scientists and technicians’ continuous performance, and 4) Improve the openness and dynamics of talent ecosystem. * The numbers (e.g. Key area #1) correspond to the 10 Key Areas of the Recommendation on Science and Scientific Researchers on page 17-18.
Data on Conditions of Scientific Researchers
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
no
Non-Discrimination and Diversity in Employment of Researchers
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
no
Target 9.5 of Agenda 2030
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
no
Capacities for Research Informing Public Policy and Decision-making
Were new measures taken for compliance?
yes
Please state which were made and which could still be made and whether any is foreseen
no
Science Diplomacy
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
no
Brain Drain
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
no
1. The responsibility of science towards the United Nations’ ideals of human dignity, progress, justice, peace, welfare of humankind and respect for the environment.
Helps achieve Sustainable Development Goals
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
no
Helps achieve Gender Equality
Were new measures taken for compliance?
yes
Please state which were made and which could still be made and whether any is foreseen
no
2. The need for science to meaningfully interact with society and vice versa.
Knowledge Society
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
no
Peaceful Applications of S&T
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
no
Scientific Culture
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
no
3. The role of science in national policy and decision making, international cooperation and development.
Uses S&T Knowledge for Decision-Making and Policy
Were new measures taken for compliance?
yes
Please state which were made and which could still be made and whether any is foreseen
no
Scientists Advise Government
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
no
4. Promoting science as a common good.
Openness
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
no
5. Inclusive and non-discriminatory work conditions and access to education and employment in science.
Non-Discrimination and Diversity
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
no
6. Any scientific conduct is subject to universal human rights standards.
Human Right to Science
Were new measures taken for compliance?
yes
Please state which were made and which could still be made and whether any is foreseen
no
Human Right to Health
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
no
Other Human Rights
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
no
7. Balancing the freedoms, rights, and responsibilities of researchers.
Scientific Freedom and Scientific Responsibility
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
no
8. Scientific integrity and ethical codes of conduct for science and research and their technical applications.
Regulations Impacting on Research
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
no
Ethics Infrastructure
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
no
9. The vital importance of human capital for a sound and responsible science system.
Careers, Mobility
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
no
Learning
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
no
International Travel
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
no
Social Security
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
no
Appraisal
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
no
10. The role of Member States in creating an enabling environment for science and research.
Infrastructure and S&T Services
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
no
Public Funding
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
no
Work Conditions
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
no
Publication
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
no
Science, Technology and Innovation for SDGs
In the period 2017-2020 were measures in place to encourage that STI is geared to help achieve SDGs?
yes
If yes, please describe
N/A
Are there any obstacles to achieving SDGs observed in your country that relate to the STI system?
no
If yes, please describe
N/A
Does your country have an overall integrated plan for designing and developing STI policies and practices geared towards achieving the SDGs, such as an STI roadmap for SDGs (this practice is encouraged by the UN)?
N/A
If yes, please describe and attach
N/A
Is your national STI system designed and managed to support the achievements of the Sustainable Development Goals?
N/A
If yes, please describe
N/A
What economic, finance and policy tools are available to advance STI geared towards sustainable development and effectively meeting the SDGs?
N/A
How do international development cooperation policies address the role of STI for global development?
N/A
How is international science and research collaboration policy shaped and managed in order to contribute to achieving the SDGs
N/A