Recommendation on Science and Scientific Researchers

 

Recommendation on Science and Scientific Researchers


Republic of Madagascar

10 Key Areas

Measures taken by Member States (2021)
Were translations made?
no
What improvements could be made?
La politique de la recherche à Madagascar n’a pas beaucoup changé durant ces quatre dernières années. C’est au niveau de la création des Ecoles Doctorales qu’on a observé des évolutions. En effet, avec l’adoption du système LMD, quelques Ecoles Doctorales ont renforcé le rang de celles qui existent depuis quelques années. Cette évolution a été accompagnée par quelques initiatives visant à améliorer les conditions de travail des chercheurs et des enseignants. Pourtant, beaucoup restent à faire pour que la recherche soit un véritable levier de développement. Les améliorations à apporter concernant la politique en matière de Science, Technologie et Innovation (STI) peuvent être groupées en quatre catégories : (1) le financement de la recherche, (2) les ressources humaine et matérielle (3) l’adéquation de la recherche avec la formation et les besoins du pays (société, secteur privé,…) et (4) la formation de la relève et le rajeunissement du corps des chercheurs.
Was it transmitted to competent authorities?
some but not all
What improvements could be made?
Le Ministère de l’Enseignement Supérieur et de la Recherche Scientifique (MESUPRES) a adopté dans son Plan pour l’Emergence de Madagascar dans l’axe stratégique N° 2 «Une recherche scientifique de haut niveau au service du développement de la nation ». Ce qui illustre la volonté du Ministère à accroitre l’image et les impacts de la recherche scientifique à Madagascar dans un premier temps et de l’impliquer dans tous les secteurs de développement. Parallèlement, cette stratégie mènera au cadrage institutionnel de la recherche scientifique à Madagascar. Il faut noter que la recherche scientifique devrait être pratiquée par les personnes formées pour ce noble métier et les structures et organisation qui ont besoins des informations scientifiques doivent travailler en étroite collaboration avec ces scientifiques. Un des exemples des initiatives entreprises a été la signature d’un accord-cadre entre le Ministère en charge de la recherche scientifique et le Ministère en charge de l’Environnement et du Développement Durable. Cet accord cadre vise à bien identifier les rôles de chaque partie en terme de recherche scientifique et à valoriser des résultats de la recherche. Cette démarche va être poursuivie avec les autres Ministères au niveau desquels, la recherche tient une place importante dans plusieurs secteurs (Santé, Industrie, Agriculture, Elevage, Pêche, Commerce,….)
Were consultations held?
some but not all
Please state which were made and which could still be made
La situation sanitaire liée à la Pandémie de Covid 19 n’a pas permis de réaliser des consultations à l’échelle nationale ou d’organiser des réunions avec plusieurs participants. Ainsi, les consultations réalisées ont concerné seulement Les acteurs de la recherche scientifique: les chercheurs dans les Centres/Instituts de Recherches Nationaux. Certains Enseignants Chercheurs des Universités. Certains partenaires techniques et Financiers. Ces consultations devraient être élargies au niveau des collectivités décentralisées, du secteur privé, des acteurs de développement travaillant directement sur le terrain (ONGs, Associations…). La finalité de ces consultations devrait être la réforme de la législation au profit du développement de la recherche scientifique. Ce qui devrait passer par la reconnaissance des décideurs politiques que la recherche et les chercheurs font partie des secteurs de souveraineté nationale.
Were new measures taken for compliance?
some but not all
Please state which were made and which could still be made and whether any is foreseen
Certains Centres Nationaux de recherches ont pris des décisions pour essayer d’assurer la conformité. Cependant, ces actions se sont souvent heurtées à des difficultés liées au financement. Depuis 2020, le MESUPRES a inscrit parmi ces priorités la mise en conformité des activités de recherche aux normes recommandées, par l’intermédiaire de la Direction Générale de la Recherche Scientifique. Il s’agit d’une action commune avec tous les Centres Nationaux et les laboratoires de Recherches.
Data on Conditions of Scientific Researchers
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
N/A
Non-Discrimination and Diversity in Employment of Researchers
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
N/A
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
yes
Target 9.5 of Agenda 2030
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
N/A
Capacities for Research Informing Public Policy and Decision-making
Were new measures taken for compliance?
N/A
Please state which were made and which could still be made and whether any is foreseen
yes
Science Diplomacy
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
no
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
N/A
Brain Drain
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
N/A
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
yes
1. The responsibility of science towards the United Nations’ ideals of human dignity, progress, justice, peace, welfare of humankind and respect for the environment.
Helps achieve Sustainable Development Goals
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
N/A
Helps achieve Gender Equality
Were new measures taken for compliance?
N/A
Please state which were made and which could still be made and whether any is foreseen
yes
2. The need for science to meaningfully interact with society and vice versa.
Knowledge Society
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
N/A
Peaceful Applications of S&T
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
N/A
Scientific Culture
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
N/A
3. The role of science in national policy and decision making, international cooperation and development.
Uses S&T Knowledge for Decision-Making and Policy
Were new measures taken for compliance?
yes
Please state which were made and which could still be made and whether any is foreseen
N/A
Scientists Advise Government
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
N/A
4. Promoting science as a common good.
Openness
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
N/A
5. Inclusive and non-discriminatory work conditions and access to education and employment in science.
Non-Discrimination and Diversity
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
N/A
6. Any scientific conduct is subject to universal human rights standards.
Human Right to Science
Were new measures taken for compliance?
yes
Please state which were made and which could still be made and whether any is foreseen
N/A
Human Right to Health
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
N/A
Other Human Rights
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
N/A
7. Balancing the freedoms, rights, and responsibilities of researchers.
Scientific Freedom and Scientific Responsibility
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
N/A
8. Scientific integrity and ethical codes of conduct for science and research and their technical applications.
Regulations Impacting on Research
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
N/A
Ethics Infrastructure
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
N/A
9. The vital importance of human capital for a sound and responsible science system.
Careers, Mobility
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
no
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
N/A
Learning
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
N/A
International Travel
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
N/A
Social Security
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
N/A
Appraisal
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
no
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
N/A
10. The role of Member States in creating an enabling environment for science and research.
Infrastructure and S&T Services
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
no
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
N/A
Public Funding
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
no
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
N/A
Work Conditions
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
no
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
N/A
Publication
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
no
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
N/A
Science, Technology and Innovation for SDGs
In the period 2017-2020 were measures in place to encourage that STI is geared to help achieve SDGs?
yes
If yes, please describe
Les ODD ont été toujours au centre des discussions sur les programmes de recherche à entreprendre. Leurs réalisations font l’objet de considération particulière dans les différents secteurs composant le Programme Général de l’Etat.
Are there any obstacles to achieving SDGs observed in your country that relate to the STI system?
yes
If yes, please describe
Le financement reste le grand problème du développement de la recherche à Madagascar. Cette situation conduit souvent à la réalisation de certaines activités de recherche par ds structures qui ne sont pas formées pour ce métier.
Does your country have an overall integrated plan for designing and developing STI policies and practices geared towards achieving the SDGs, such as an STI roadmap for SDGs (this practice is encouraged by the UN)?
yes
If yes, please describe and attach
Madagascar dispose cinq Plans thématiques Directeur de la recherche dédiés à la réalisation des ODD.
Is your national STI system designed and managed to support the achievements of the Sustainable Development Goals?
yes
If yes, please describe
La mise en oeuvre de ces cinq plans reste au niveau des établissements publics de recherche.
What economic, finance and policy tools are available to advance STI geared towards sustainable development and effectively meeting the SDGs?
Ces outils manquent énormément à Madagascar.
How do international development cooperation policies address the role of STI for global development?
Des échanges entre les différents pays devraient être renforcés.
How is international science and research collaboration policy shaped and managed in order to contribute to achieving the SDGs
La collaboration internationale devrait prendre en compte les besoins de chaque partie prenante mais non pas dictée par les bailleurs.