Recommendation on Science and Scientific Researchers

 

Recommendation on Science and Scientific Researchers


Kingdom of Thailand

10 Key Areas

Measures taken by Member States (2021)
Were translations made?
no
What improvements could be made?
The recommendation is quite long and comprehensive covering key aspects of STI for development and development of STI system. A short summary version of the recommendation with easy-to-understand infographics will be helpful in disseminating to the right target groups and translation to local languages if needed.
Was it transmitted to competent authorities?
no
What improvements could be made?
Make publication/may arrange consultation with competent authorities.
Were consultations held?
no
Please state which were made and which could still be made
No consultations were held may find potential partners and arrange consultation.
Were new measures taken for compliance?
no
Please state which were made and which could still be made and whether any is foreseen
No new measures taken/could set up task force or new measures in the future.
Data on Conditions of Scientific Researchers
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
no
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
no
Non-Discrimination and Diversity in Employment of Researchers
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
no
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
no
Target 9.5 of Agenda 2030
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
no
Capacities for Research Informing Public Policy and Decision-making
Were new measures taken for compliance?
yes
Please state which were made and which could still be made and whether any is foreseen
no
Science Diplomacy
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
yes
Brain Drain
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
no
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
no
1. The responsibility of science towards the United Nations’ ideals of human dignity, progress, justice, peace, welfare of humankind and respect for the environment.
Helps achieve Sustainable Development Goals
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
yes
Helps achieve Gender Equality
Were new measures taken for compliance?
no
Please state which were made and which could still be made and whether any is foreseen
no
2. The need for science to meaningfully interact with society and vice versa.
Knowledge Society
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
yes
Peaceful Applications of S&T
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
no
Scientific Culture
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
yes
3. The role of science in national policy and decision making, international cooperation and development.
Uses S&T Knowledge for Decision-Making and Policy
Were new measures taken for compliance?
yes
Please state which were made and which could still be made and whether any is foreseen
yes
Scientists Advise Government
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
yes
4. Promoting science as a common good.
Openness
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
yes
5. Inclusive and non-discriminatory work conditions and access to education and employment in science.
Non-Discrimination and Diversity
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
no
6. Any scientific conduct is subject to universal human rights standards.
Human Right to Science
Were new measures taken for compliance?
yes
Please state which were made and which could still be made and whether any is foreseen
yes
Human Right to Health
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
no
Other Human Rights
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
yes
7. Balancing the freedoms, rights, and responsibilities of researchers.
Scientific Freedom and Scientific Responsibility
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
no
8. Scientific integrity and ethical codes of conduct for science and research and their technical applications.
Regulations Impacting on Research
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
yes
Ethics Infrastructure
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
yes
9. The vital importance of human capital for a sound and responsible science system.
Careers, Mobility
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
yes
Learning
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
yes
International Travel
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
no
Social Security
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
no
Appraisal
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
no
10. The role of Member States in creating an enabling environment for science and research.
Infrastructure and S&T Services
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
yes
Public Funding
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
no
Work Conditions
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
no
Publication
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
yes
Science, Technology and Innovation for SDGs
In the period 2017-2020 were measures in place to encourage that STI is geared to help achieve SDGs?
yes
If yes, please describe
Several measures have been utilised STI to achieve SDGs during these years. Most of them focused on Goal 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure. For example, Industrial postdoctoral and postgraduate research programme, Talent Mobility Program, Innovation List, Innovation Coupon, and Research Gap Fund. Some focused on Goal 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth such as Thailand Plus Package, and Future Skill New Career Platform. And some of them helped to achieve Goal 4: Quality Education like Work integrated Learning (WiL).
Are there any obstacles to achieving SDGs observed in your country that relate to the STI system?
yes
If yes, please describe
Various kinds of obstacles found during the implementation. For example, limited budget, too strict funding criteria, lack of knowledge and understanding, low demand in conducting R&D, regulations, and flexibility of the universities.
Does your country have an overall integrated plan for designing and developing STI policies and practices geared towards achieving the SDGs, such as an STI roadmap for SDGs (this practice is encouraged by the UN)?
yes
If yes, please describe and attach
There is no STI plan that directly addresses SDGs, but “The Higher Education Science Research and Innovation Policy and Strategy” has some objectives that relate to SDGs.
Is your national STI system designed and managed to support the achievements of the Sustainable Development Goals?
yes
If yes, please describe
There are 7 agencies called Program Management Units (PMUs) that manage research and innovation projects to achieve the objectives of “The Higher Education Science Research and Innovation Policy and Strategy” including SDGs.
What economic, finance and policy tools are available to advance STI geared towards sustainable development and effectively meeting the SDGs?
PMU mentioned above manages the research funding according to directions of Science, Research and Innovation.
How do international development cooperation policies address the role of STI for global development?
Bringing the different aspects of the national STI strategy into a unified model for holistic approach based on Sufficiency Economy Philosophy (SEP) and to achieve SDGs, Thailand developed the Bio-Circular-Green Economy (BCG) Model as an economic model to achieve inclusive and sustainable development. Thailand’s initiatives have been implemented particularly for sustainable development by focusing on the BCG Model as a possible model for post COVID-19 economic recovery and development in ASEAN, promoting the Connecting the Connectivities Initiative, and the early realisation of regional and global cooperation for post COVID-19.
How is international science and research collaboration policy shaped and managed in order to contribute to achieving the SDGs
International collaboration and global partnership can help harness the power of STI to enable good health and well-being. The number of international joint funding programs and R&D networks for global health, food security, education is indisputably an effective strategy to expedite a co-creation of innovations that can respond to both urgent threats like the pandemic and persisting global problems and attain SDGs in a sustainable manner.