Recommendation on Science and Scientific Researchers

 

Recommendation on Science and Scientific Researchers


Republic of Zimbabwe

10 Key Areas

Measures taken by Member States (2021)
Were translations made?
no
What improvements could be made?
2017 RS|SR were communicated in English and therefore there was no need for translation since English is the country’s official language.
Was it transmitted to competent authorities?
some but not all
What improvements could be made?
In future to have a database of all key stakeholders and ensure that they all have access to such documents.
Were consultations held?
some but not all
Please state which were made and which could still be made
Multi Stakeholder (public sector) and still to be done is industry and civil society.
Were new measures taken for compliance?
no
Please state which were made and which could still be made and whether any is foreseen
None yet.
Data on Conditions of Scientific Researchers
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
no
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
yes
Non-Discrimination and Diversity in Employment of Researchers
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
yes
Target 9.5 of Agenda 2030
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
yes
Capacities for Research Informing Public Policy and Decision-making
Were new measures taken for compliance?
yes
Please state which were made and which could still be made and whether any is foreseen
yes
Science Diplomacy
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
no
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
yes
Brain Drain
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
no
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
yes
1. The responsibility of science towards the United Nations’ ideals of human dignity, progress, justice, peace, welfare of humankind and respect for the environment.
Helps achieve Sustainable Development Goals
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
yes
Helps achieve Gender Equality
Were new measures taken for compliance?
yes
Please state which were made and which could still be made and whether any is foreseen
yes
2. The need for science to meaningfully interact with society and vice versa.
Knowledge Society
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
yes
Peaceful Applications of S&T
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
yes
Scientific Culture
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
yes
3. The role of science in national policy and decision making, international cooperation and development.
Uses S&T Knowledge for Decision-Making and Policy
Were new measures taken for compliance?
yes
Please state which were made and which could still be made and whether any is foreseen
yes
Scientists Advise Government
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
yes
4. Promoting science as a common good.
Openness
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
yes
5. Inclusive and non-discriminatory work conditions and access to education and employment in science.
Non-Discrimination and Diversity
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
yes
6. Any scientific conduct is subject to universal human rights standards.
Human Right to Science
Were new measures taken for compliance?
yes
Please state which were made and which could still be made and whether any is foreseen
yes
Human Right to Health
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
yes
Other Human Rights
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
yes
7. Balancing the freedoms, rights, and responsibilities of researchers.
Scientific Freedom and Scientific Responsibility
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
yes
8. Scientific integrity and ethical codes of conduct for science and research and their technical applications.
Regulations Impacting on Research
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
yes
Ethics Infrastructure
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
yes
9. The vital importance of human capital for a sound and responsible science system.
Careers, Mobility
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered?
yes
Learning
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
yes
International Travel
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
yes
Social Security
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
yes
Appraisal
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
yes
10. The role of Member States in creating an enabling environment for science and research.
Infrastructure and S&T Services
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
yes
Public Funding
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
yes
Work Conditions
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
yes
Publication
Have measures been taken to implement the norms and standards of the Recommendation?
yes
Have any obstacles to compliance with its norms and standards been encountered ?
yes
Science, Technology and Innovation for SDGs
In the period 2017-2020 were measures in place to encourage that STI is geared to help achieve SDGs?
yes
If yes, please describe
The Government sector specific development programmes, are guided by the Transitional Stabilisation programme (2018 to 2020) followed by National Development Strategy 1 (2021 to 2025) and the National 2030 are all anchored on STI, Africa Agenda 2063 and UN Agenda 2030.
Are there any obstacles to achieving SDGs observed in your country that relate to the STI system?
yes
If yes, please describe
1.STI policies are disjointed and found in different sectors. 2.Funding from government and other sources is generally not informed by scientific advice and is inadequate. 3.Brain drain is still continuing to outside Africa. 4.Mutually beneficial relationships between government, industry and commerce and academia needs strengthening. 5.Inter-, intra- and multi-disciplinarity in STI research and programmes need strengthening. 6. Gender disparity in STI in Higher Learning Institutions, Work places both public and private. 7.Strengthening of synchronisation of government programmes and SDGs. 8.Need for a robust monitoring and evaluation mechanism on the implementation of the SDGs.
Does your country have an overall integrated plan for designing and developing STI policies and practices geared towards achieving the SDGs, such as an STI roadmap for SDGs (this practice is encouraged by the UN)?
no
If yes, please describe and attach
N/A
Is your national STI system designed and managed to support the achievements of the Sustainable Development Goals?
yes
If yes, please describe
Ministry of Primary and Secondary Education introduced a New curriculum in 2017 that emphasizes the centrality of STI from Early Childhood Development to high school, Ministry of Higher and Tertiary Education, Innovation, Science and Technology Development introduced a higher education system that focusses on enhancing translation of knowledge gained into quality goods and services from indigenous resources (Heritage Based Education 5.0 – Teaching, Research, Community Service, Innovation and Industrialisation). The process of technology transfer, adoption and adaptation is also being encouraged theMinistry of Higher and Tertiary Education, Innovation, Science and Technology Development.
What economic, finance and policy tools are available to advance STI geared towards sustainable development and effectively meeting the SDGs?
1.Government is supporting the proposal of having at least 1% of the national GDP is channelled towards research and development. 2.The Ministry of Higher and Tertiary Education, Innovation, Science and Technology Development is setting up Innovation Hubs and Industrial Parks at every state university in the country and has made a policy statement for every institution of higher and tertiary education to set up an innovation ecosystem.
How do international development cooperation policies address the role of STI for global development?
Zimbabwe is a Party to UN SDGs, African Union Agenda 2063, STISA 2024; SADC Protocol on STI and a number of bilateral and multilateral agreements and efforts to align are ongoing.
How is international science and research collaboration policy shaped and managed in order to contribute to achieving the SDGs
The country is an active participant in continental and international organisations in STI such as the International Council of Scientific Unions, African Union Centres of Excellence, Nelson Mandela Centres of Excellence, Non Aligned Movement S&T Centre etc in order to strengthen international science and research collaboration.